Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Injuries and Prevention

Intentional Self-Harm Hospitalizations

Overall
By Sex
By Age Group
By Deprivation

Overall

The age-standardized hospitalization rate for intentional self-harm in Simcoe Muskoka for the population 10 years and older in 2020 was 94.5 (86.1, 103.6) admissions per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 60.4 (59.0, 61.7) admissions per 100,000 population.

There was a significant downward trend in the intentional self-harm hospitalization rates in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario from 2003 to 2009; however, there was a reversal in this trend from 2009 to 2017 which saw rates climb back to what was observed in 2003 and 2004. the local and provincial rates have been decreasing since 2017. The Simcoe Muskoka rates have been significantly higher than the comparable provincial rates since 2003.

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By Sex

In 2020, the age-standardized hospitalization rate for intentional self-harm among Simcoe Muskoka males was 67.6 (57.9, 78.6) admissions per 100,000, which was significantly lower than the female rate of 123.2 (109.5, 138.2) admissions per 100,000. The intentional self-harm related hospitalization rates in Simcoe Muskoka were significantly higher than the Ontario rates for both males and females.

The intentional self-harm hospitalization rates dropped sharply in 2020 by approximately 20% among Simcoe Muskoka females; however, rates did not change among males. The reason for this different pattern by sex is unclear. The Simcoe Muskoka female rates have been significantly higher than the male rates since 2003.

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By Age Group

The age-specific rate for self-harm related hospitalizations from 2016 and 2020 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest for youth (10-19 years) with a rate of 221.8 (205.9, 238.6) admissions per 100,000 population, this rate was significantly higher when compared with any other age group over this same period of time. The age-specific intentional self-harm hospitalization rates in Simcoe Muskoka were significantly higher than the comparable Ontario rates for those between 10 and 74 years of age; however, the intentional self-harm hospitalization rates in Simcoe Muskoka among older seniors (75 years and older) were similar to the comparable provincial rates.

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There was a sharp and significant upward trend in the intentional self-harm hospitalization rates among youth (10-19 years) in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario from 2008 to 2016 with rates doubling over this period. The local rates did not change significantly from 2016 to 2020, while the provincial rates decreased significantly during that time. The local rates have been significantly higher than the provincial rates since 2012.

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The Simcoe Muskoka youth (10-19 years) intentional self-harm hospitalization rates are substantially higher for females when compared with males. The female youth (10-19 years) intentional self-harm hospitalization rates increased significantly from 2011 to 2014 when compared with 2003 to 2010. Rates among female youth increase significantly again from 2015 to 2017, followed by non-significant decline from 2018 onward. The male youth self-harm hospitalization rates have not changed significantly since 2011.

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By Deprivation

For the time period from 2016 to 2020 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka, intentional self-harm injury and poisoning hospitalization rates were more than double for those living in areas with the highest amount of material deprivation when compared with those living in the least deprived areas (as measured by the 2016 Ontario Marginalization Index).

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For more local data on intentional self-harm injuries and poisonings and other health topics see the interactive dashboards available on Simcoe Muskoka HealthMAPS.