Map of Simcoe Muskoka


Contamination and Availability of Food and Water

Key Messages
Food and Waterborne Disease
Technical Notes

Key Messages

  • Increases in temperature driven by climate change are associated with an increased impact of food and waterborne illness.

Food and waterborne disease

  • The incidence of foodborne and waterborne diseases varies seasonally with higher rates of disease in the warmer summer months.


Technical Notes

The graph above reflects monthly cases of select food- and waterborne diseases affected by climate change. These diseases include Amebiasis, Botulism, Campylobacteriosis, Cryptospordiosis, Cyclosporiasis, Giardiasis, Hepatitis A infection, Listeriosis, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis, Shigellosis, Typhoid fever, VTEC infection, and Yersiniosis.

Please note that the COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted foodborne illness and foodborne illness reporting in ways that are not yet clear.

Further Reading

For more about the health impacts of the contamination and availability of safe water, see:

Page last modified April 13, 2022