Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Chronic Diseases

COPD Emergency Visits

Overall
By Sex
By Age Group
By Income

Overall

In 2020, diseases of the respiratory system, including chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), were the third leading cause of emergency visits in Simcoe Muskoka. There were over 2,700 COPD emergency visits in 2020, accounting for approximately 15% of all respiratory system disease related emergency visits.

The age-standardized rate for COPD emergency visits in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2020 was 377.6 (363.2, 392.4) visits per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 286 (283.4, 288.6) visits per 100,000 population.

The COPD emergency visit rates dropped dramatically in 2020, by approximately 40% in Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario. This sudden and dramatic drop can be attributed, at least in part, to changes in health care use and access during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is unclear how much the reduced transmission of other infectious diseases (like the common cold and influenza) and reduced exposures to activities and environments that exacerbate COPD may have contributed to the drop in the rate.

There was a small, but significant, downward trend in the Simcoe Muskoka COPD emergency visit rates from 2003 to 2019; however, the Ontario rates remained relatively stable during the same time period. The COPD emergency visit rates in Simcoe Muskoka have been significantly higher than the provincial rates since 2003.

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By Sex

In 2020, the age-standardized COPD emergency visit rate among Simcoe Muskoka males was 362.7 (342.5, 383.9) visits per 100,000, which was significantly different from the female rate of 393.8 (373.4, 415.3) visits per 100,000. The 2020 COPD emergency visit rates for Ontario males and females were significantly lower than the comparable Simcoe Muskoka rates.

The 2020 COPD emergency visit rate dropped by approximately 40% among Simcoe Muskoka males and females. The COPD emergency visit rates among both males and females in Simcoe Muskoka declined significantly between 2003 and 2019; however, the rates among Simcoe Muskoka males decreased significantly faster than the female rates over this 17-year period. The COPD emergency visit rates among Simcoe Muskoka females were significantly higher than male rates from 2012 to 2019.

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By Age Group

Emergency visits for COPD increases with age. The age-specificrate for COPD emergency visits between 2016 and 2020 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those 75 years and older at 2747.7 (2681.0, 2815.6) emergency visits per 100,000 population. The Simcoe Muskoka age-specific rates were significantly higher than the provincial rates for all age-groups over this five-year period.

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By Income

For the period from 2016 to 2020 (combined), Simcoe Muskoka residents living in areas with the highest amount of material deprivation (as measured by the 2016 Ontario Marginalization Index) had more than double the rate of COPD emergency visits when compared with those living in areas with the least amount of material deprivation.

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Page last updated June 15, 2022