Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Chronic Diseases

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Hospitalizations

Overall
By Sex
By Age Group
By Income

Overall

Diseases of the respiratory system, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), were the fourth leading cause of hospitalizations in Simcoe Muskoka in 2020. There were approximately 1,100 COPD hospitalizations in 2020, accounting for more than one-third of all respiratory system disease related hospitalizations.

The age-standardized hospitalization rate for COPD in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2020 was 143 (134.4, 151.7) hospitalizations per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 110 (108.8, 111.9) hospitalizations per 100,000 population.

The COPD hospitalization rates dropped dramatically in 2020, by approximately one-third in Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario. This sudden and dramatic drop can be attributed, at least in part, to changes in health care use and access during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is unclear how much the reduced transmission of other infectious diseases (like the common cold and influenza) and reduced exposures to activities and environments that exacerbate COPD may have contributed to the drop in the rate.

There was a small but significant decreasing trend in the COPD hospitalization rates in Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario over the 17-year period from 2003 to 2019. The COPD hospitalization rates in Simcoe Muskoka have been consistently above the provincial rates over this time period.

120305COPDHospRateTREND

By Sex

In 2020, the age-standardized COPD hospitalization rate among Simcoe Muskoka males was 145 (132.4, 158.2) hospitalizations per 100,000, which was similar to the female rate of 222 (206.9, 237.4) hospitalizations per 100,000. The 2020 COPD hospitalization rates for Ontario males and females were significantly lower than the comparable Simcoe Muskoka rates.

The 2020 COPD hospitalization rate dropped by more than one-third among Simcoe Muskoka males and females. The COPD hospitalization rates among both males and females in Simcoe Muskoka declined significantly between 2003 and 2019; however, the rates among Simcoe Muskoka males decreased significantly faster than the female rates over this 17-year period.

120305COPDHospRatebySexTREND

By Age Group

Hospitalizations for COPD increases with age. The age-specific rate for COPD hospitalizations between 2016 and 2020 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those 75 years and older at 1526 (1476.6, 1577.0) hospital discharges per 100,000 population. This was more than double the rate for those between 65 and 74 years of age and approximately eight-times higher than the rate for adults between 45 and 64 years of age. The Simcoe Muskoka age-specific rates were significantly higher than the provincial rates among all age groups.

120305COPDHospbyAgeBAR

By Income

For the period from 2016 to 2020 (combined), Simcoe Muskoka residents living in areas with the highest amount of material deprivation (as measured by the 2016 Ontario Marginalization Index) had triple the rate of COPD hospitalizations when compared with those living in areas with the least amount of material deprivation.

161220COPDHospbyIncomeBAR

Page last updated June 13, 2022