Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Mental Health

Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders

Hospitalizations
Emergency Department Visits
Reasons for Admission

Psychotic disorders affect how people perceive reality and can create challenges in day-to-day life. Symptoms of psychotic disorders can include hallucinations and delusions. The most commonly diagnosed psychotic disorders are schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. People with schizophrenia may seem like they’ve lost touch with reality. The causes of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders are unclear. Initial diagnosis of schizophrenia typically occurs between 16 and 30 years. Further information about schizophrenia and other psychotic disorder is available from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.

To find out more about access to mental health resources, please visit our addictions and mental health community resources page.

Hospitalizations

From 2011 to 2015, there were, on average, 500 hospitalizations related to schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders (schizophrenia-related) per year among Simcoe Muskoka residents. In 2015, an age-standardized rate of 86 (77.9, 94.0) schizophrenia-related hospital admissions per 100,000 persons was reported in Simcoe Muskoka, which is similar to the provincial rate in 2015 of 95 (93.6, 96.9). No significant change in the rate of schizophrenia-related hospital admissions was observed from 2011 to 2015.

Significantly higher rates were observed in men than in women in Simcoe Muskoka and overall.

MHPsyc_Hosp_AgeStd2011to2015_20180326

The highest rate of hospitalizations for schizophrenia and psychotic disorders among Simcoe Muskoka residents was reported among adults aged 20-44 years, with 148 (140.2, 157.0) hospital admissions per year per 100,000 adults 20-44 years of age in 2011 to 2015. The lowest age-specific hospitalization rate was observed in children and youth aged 19 and under, with 18 (15.2, 22.3) admissions per 100,000 children and youth, which makes sense given the predominant adult diagnosis of schizophrenia. A similarly low rate was observed among seniors with 20 (14.3, 27.3) hospitalizations per 100,000 persons 75+ in Simcoe Muskoka. A similar age distribution was observed across the province.

MHPsyc_Hosp_AgeSpec_20180326

Emergency Department Visits

From 2011 to 2015, an average of 230 schizophrenia and other psychotic disorder-related emergency department visits were reported among Simcoe Muskoka residents.

The age-standardized rate for schizophrenia-related visits among Simcoe Muskoka residents in 2015 was 44 (38.5, 50.0) visits per 100,000 population. This was significantly lower than the provincial rate of 73 (72.0, 74.9) visits per 100,000 population.

MHPsyc_ED_AgeStd2011to2015_20180326

Simcoe Muskoka women had significantly lower age-standardized rates of schizophrenia- related emergency department visits than men, with 28 (25.3, 31.1) visits per 100,000 women, compared to 66 (61.6, 70.7) visits per 100,000 males. This is similar to the provincial trend.

MHPsyc_ED_AgeStdbyGender_20180326

The age-specific rate of emergency department visits related to schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders was highest among adults aged 20 to 44 years, with 84 (77.7, 90.4) visits per 100,000 Simcoe Muskoka residents in this age group. The lowest rates were observed among youth (<1 to 19 years) and seniors (75+ years). Age-specific emergency department visit rates in Simcoe Muskoka were significantly lower than the provincial rates for age groups under 65 years, however, in adults 65 to 74, and 75+ the Simcoe Muskoka rates were similar to the provincial rates.

MHPsyc_ED_AgeSpec_20180326

Reasons for Admission or Visit

The most common diagnoses among schizophrenia and psychotic disorder-related hospital admissions or emergency department visits were paranoid-type schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorders, and unspecified type schizophrenia.

Note

The specific diagnostic codes used to identify mood disorder-related hospital admissions and emergency department visits are presented on the OMHRS data source page.