Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Mental Health

Mood Disorders

Hospitalizations
Emergency Department Visits
Reasons for Admission or Visit

Mood disorders can include depressive and bipolar disorders, they are characterized by distress and a loss of control of moods. Depressive mood disorders are associated with loss of energy, decreased sleep, loss of appetite and thoughts of suicide. Further information about depression and other mood disorders is available from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.

To find out more about access to mental health resources, please visit our addictions and mental health community resources page.

Hospitalizations

From 2011 to 2015, there were, on average, 1,000 mood disorder-related hospitalizations per year among Simcoe Muskoka residents. In 2015, an age-standardized rate of 182 (171.1, 194.2) mood disorder-related hospital admissions per 100,000 persons was reported in Simcoe Muskoka. This was significantly higher than the provincial rate in 2015 of 136 (134.3, 138.2) hospitalizations per 100,000 persons. No significant change in the rate of mood disorder-related hospital admissions was observed from 2011 to 2015.

Significantly higher rates were observed in women than in men in Simcoe Muskoka and overall.
MHMood_Hosp_AgeStd2011to2015_20180326

The highest age-specific hospitalization rates for mood disorders occurred among adults, with 224 (214.2, 234.9) hospitalizations per 100,000 among adults aged 20 to 44 years, and 207 (196.9, 217.0) hospitalizations per 100,000 among adults aged 45 to 64 years in Simcoe Muskoka. The lowest rates were among seniors with 89 (76.5, 103.3) mood disorder-related hospitalizations per 100,000 persons 75 years of age or older. A similar age distribution was observed across the province.
MHMood_Hosp_AgeSpec_20180326

Emergency Department Visits

The number of mood disorder-related emergency department visits in Simcoe Muskoka residents rose from around 1,400 in 2011 to 1,700 in 2015.

There was a significant increase in the age-standardized rate for mood disorder-related emergency department visits, from 279 (265.0, 294.4) per 100,000 persons in 2011 to 323 (308.3, 339.3) visits per 100,000 persons in 2015. This was similar to the provincial rates.
MHMood_ED_AgeStd2011to2015_20180326

Simcoe Muskoka women had significantly higher age-standardized rates of mood disorder-related emergency department visits than men, with 349 (338.4, 358.9) visits per 100,000 women, compared to 265 (256.1, 274.0) visits per 100,000 males. This is similar to the provincial trend.

The age-specific rate of emergency department visits related to mood disorders was highest among adults aged 20 to 44 years, with 436 (421.6, 450.3) visits per 100,000 Simcoe Muskoka residents in this age group, followed by children and youth with 301 (268.9, 314.8). The age-specific rate of mood disorder-related emergency department visits among children and youth in Simcoe Muskoka was significantly higher than the provincial rate of 268 (265.1, 270.3) emergency department visits per 100,000 persons aged <1 to 19 years. The age specific rates in adults 45-64, 65-74 and 75+ was significantly lower in Simcoe Muskoka than the provincial rate.
MHMood_ED_AgeSpec_20180326

Reasons for Admission or Visit

The most common diagnoses among mood disorder-related hospital admissions and emergency department visits were for major depressive disorder, recurrent; unspecified depression (provisional diagnosis only); or for unspecified depressive episodes.

Note

The specific diagnostic codes used to identify mood disorder-related hospital admissions and emergency department visits are presented on the OMHRS data source page.