Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Mental Health

Eating Disorders

Hospitalizations
Emergency Department Visits
Reasons for Admission or Visit

Eating disorders are characterized by an unhealthy fixation on body weight and can involve under-eating, binge eating, and purging. Eating disorders can be part of an unhealthy reaction to stressful situations or may manifest as part of a struggle to regain a sense of control. Further information about eating disorders is available from the Canadian Mental Health Association.

To find out more about access to mental health resources, please visit our addictions and mental health community resources page.

Hospitalizations

From 2011 to 2015, there were, on average 35 eating disorder-related hospitalizations per year among Simcoe Muskoka residents. In 2015, an age-standardized rate of 9.6 (1.1, 12.7) eating disorder-related hospital admissions per 100,000 persons was reported in Simcoe Muskoka. No consistent trend was evident in Simcoe Muskoka, but a significant increase was observed for Ontario overall, from 4.4 (4.1, 4.8) hospitalizations per 100,000 in 2011 to 6.5 (6.1, 7.0) eating disorder-related hospitalizations per 100,000 in 2015.

MHEat_Hosp_AgeStd2011to2015_20180328

Eating disorder-related hospitalizations were reported predominantly in females, with an age-standardized rate of 14.2 (12.2, 16.4) per 100,000 females in Simcoe Muskoka, compared to <1 per 100,000 in males.

MHEat_Hosp_AgeStdbyGender_20180328

Hospitalizations related to eating disorders occurred mainly in children and youths. An age-specific hospitalization rate of 22.7 (19.1, 26.9) hospitalizations per 100,000 persons under 20 years was reported in Simcoe Muskoka, significantly higher than the rate among adults aged 20 to 44 years, with 5.6 (4.1, 7.5) hospitalizations per 100,000 in Simcoe Muskoka. Children and youth were most likely to be hospitalized for eating disorders at a provincial level as well.

MHEat_Hosp_AgeSpec_20180328

Emergency Department Visits

Approximately 35 emergency department visits related to eating disorders were reported each year from 2011 to 2015 in Simcoe Muskoka. There was an age-standardized rate of 8.4 (6.1, 11.4) emergency department visits related to eating disorders per 100,000 in Simcoe Muskoka in 2015, this was significantly higher than the provincial rate of 5.1 (4.7, 5.5) 100,000 persons across the province. The Simcoe Muskoka rate was not consistently higher than the provincial rate, and no trend was evident from 2011 to 2015. Following the pattern observed among hospitalizations, the rate of emergency department visits related to eating disorders was significantly higher in women, with 13.0 (11.1, 15.2) visits per 100,000 women, compared to 1.5 (0.9, 2.4) per 100,000 males in Simcoe Muskoka.

MHEat_ED_AgeStd2011to2015_20180329

The age-specific rate of emergency department visits related to eating disorders was highest among children and youth with 17.7 (14.5, 21.4) visits per 100,000 persons aged <20 years in Simcoe Muskoka. This was significantly higher than the rate among adults aged 20 to 44 years at 8.1 (6.2, 10.3) emergency department visits per 100,000 persons, and the rate among older adults of <1 per 100,000. The provincial age-specific rates followed a similar pattern.

MHEat_ED_AgeSpec_20180329

Reasons for Admission or Visit

The most common diagnoses among eating disorder-related hospital admissions and emergency department visits were for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and for unspecified eating disorders.

Note

The specific diagnostic codes used to identify mood disorder-related hospital admissions and emergency department visits are presented on the OMHRS data source page.