Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Leading Causes

Leading Causes of Cancer Death

All Ages
  Males
  Females
Children & Youth
Adults

Cancer deaths data are derived from the Ontario Cancer Registry (OCR) operated by Cancer Care Ontario. The OCR contains information on Ontario residents who have died of all types of malignant cancers. Cancer sites were coded using the Third Edition of the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICDO-3).

All Ages

Over the seven years between 2010 and 2016, there were 9,011 deaths from cancer among residents of Simcoe Muskoka (4,790 among males and 4,221 among females). The leading causes of cancer deaths are different for adult males and females so the data will be presented separately. The leading causes of cancer deaths for children and youth will be presented together for both sexes combined due to smaller numbers of cancer deaths.

Males

The number one cause of cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka males between 2010 and 2017 was lung cancer, which accounted for 26% of all cancer deaths over this time period. This was followed by colorectal cancer and prostate cancer, which accounted for 12% and 10% respectively of all cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka males. Together these three cancers accounted for close to half of all cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka males.

The leading causes of cancer deaths among Ontario males as a whole over this same time period were quite similar to what was observed in Simcoe Muskoka.

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Females

The number one cause of cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka females between 2010 and 2017 was lung cancer, which accounted for 28% of all cancer deaths over this time period. This was followed by breast cancer and colorectal cancer which accounted for 15% and 12% respectively of all cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka females. Together these three cancers accounted for more than half of all cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka females.

The leading causes of cancer deaths among Ontario females as a whole over this same time period were quite similar to what was observed in Simcoe Muskoka; however, the proportion of lung cancer deaths were significantly higher among Simcoe Muskoka females when compared with the province overall.

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Children and Youth

Cancer deaths among children and youth is rare with approximately 2 deaths per 100,000 children and youth. In Simcoe Muskoka between 2010 and 2016, there were 16 cancer deaths among children and youth under 20 years of age. The leading cause of cancer death among Simcoe Muskoka children and youth was leukemia (6 deaths). Cancers of the brain and nervous system and leukemia were the two leading causes of cancer death among Ontario children and youth over this same period of time.

Adults

In Simcoe Muskoka between 2010 and 2016, the leading causes of cancer deaths among adults (20 years and older) varied by sex and age group. Among younger adult males between the age of 20 and 44 years, cancers of the digestive system were the leading cause of cancer deaths followed by brain and other nervous system cancers, and skin cancers (including melanomas and non-melanomas). Among adult males for all other age groups, lung cancer was the leading cause of cancer deaths followed by colorectal, prostate cancer and pancreatic cancer. Breast cancer was the leading cause of cancer deaths for young adult females between 20 and 44 years of age accounting for more than one-quarter of all cancer deaths in this age group. Lung cancer was the leading cause of cancer deaths for females 45 years of age and older. Other leading causes of cancer deaths for females included colorectal cancer and pancreatic cancer.

Leading Causes of Cancer Deaths, Simcoe Muskoka Adults, by Sex and Age Group, 2000 to 2012 (combined)

AGE
GROUP

MALES

FEMALES

#
CANCER DEATHS

TYPE OF CANCER
- % OF DEATHS
BY AGE GROUP

#
CANCER DEATHS

TYPE OF CANCER
- % OF DEATHS
BY AGE GROUP

20-44 years

71

Digestive System - 24%

Brain & Other Nervous System - 21%

Skin - 10%

100

Breast - 29%

Digestive System - 19%

Female Genital System - 12%

45-64 years

298

Lung and Bronchus - 26%

Colon and Rectum - 12%

Pancreas - 8%

Esophagus - 6%

297

Lung and Bronchus - 31%

Breast - 18%

Colon and Rectum - 8%

Ovary - 6%

65-74 years

432

Lung and Bronchus - 33%

Colon and Rectum - 11%

Pancreas - 6%

Prostate - 6%

359

Lung and Bronchus - 33%

Breast - 13%

Colon and Rectum - 10%

Pancreas - 6%

75+
years

497

Lung and Bronchus - 22%

Prostate - 17%

Colon and Rectum - 13%

Urinary Bladder - 6%

504

Lung and Bronchus - 25%

Colon and Rectum - 15%

Breast - 13%

Pancreas - 5%

Data source: CCO SEER*Stat Package Release 10 - OCR (Aug. 2015) . Pop Est Summary (Statistics Canada, Ontario Ministry Finance), Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care: IntelliHEALTH ONTARIO, extracted May 2015.