Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Injuries and Prevention

Suicides

Overall

By Sex

By Age Group

By Income

Overall

Between 2012 and 2016, there were approximately 70 suicides per year among Simcoe Muskoka residents. Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among young adults (20 to 44 years)  in Simcoe Muskoka.

The suicide rate in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2016 was 15.9 (12.6, 19.8) deaths per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 11.1 (10.6, 11.7) deaths per 100,000 population. 

There was a significant increasing trend in the suicide mortality rates in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario over the 10 year-period from 2007 to 2016, with an average annual increase in the rates of 3.5% (0.4%, 6.7%) in Simcoe Muskoka and a 1.5% (0.8%, 2.3%) for Ontario as a whole. Over this same 10 year time-period, the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for suicides in Simcoe Muskoka was 1.29 (1.19, 1.39), which means that the actual number of suicides in Simcoe Muskoka was a 29 per cent greater than would have been expected if the local suicide rate was the same as the provincial rate.

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By Sex 

In 2016, the suicide rate among Simcoe Muskoka males was 22.1 (16.7, 28.7) deaths per 100,000, which was more than double the female rate of 9.7 (6.2, 14.4) deaths per 100,000. The suicide rates among Simcoe Muskoka females increased significantly from 2014 to 2016 when compared to 2007 to 2013; however, the suicide rates among Simcoe Muskoka males did not change significantly over this same period of time.

The suicide rates for Simcoe Muskoka males were significantly higher than the comparable provincial average over the entire ten-year period from 2007 to 2016. The suicide rates for Simcoe Muskoka females were similar to the comparable provincial average from 2007 to 2013; however, from 2014 to 2016 the Simcoe Muskoka female suicide rate was significantly higher than the provincial female suicide rate.

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By Age Group

The age-specific rate of suicide between 2007 and 2016 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among adults 45 to 64 years of age at 18.8 (16.7, 21.1) deaths per 100,000. The age-specific suicide rates in Simcoe Muskoka were significantly higher than the comparable provincial rates for adults 20-64 years.

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By Income

While suicide is much more common among men, the association between income and suicide is considerably stronger among women. In Simcoe Muskoka between 2006 and 2012 (combined), suicide rates did not differ significantly for men by neighbourhood income quintile; however, Simcoe Muskoka women living in the lowest income quintile experienced triple the rate of suicide when compared with women living in the highest income quintile (8.4 (4.9, 12.0) deaths per 100,000 vs 2.6 (1.0,4.1) deaths per 100,000).

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