Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Environment

Contamination and Availability of Food and Water

Food and waterborne disease

Food insecurity

Increases in temperature will impact foodborne illnesses. Warm temperatures promote pathogen survival, increasing the risk of contamination. Food systems overall will be impacted, both in our region and abroad as changing weather patterns, temperatures, and extreme weather events impact the affordability, accessibility, and availability of food. This HealthSTATS page presents data on monthly food and waterborne disease reports, and reports of households experiencing some form of food insecurity.

Food and waterborne disease

The incidence of foodborne and waterborne diseases varies seasonally with higher rates of disease in the warmer summer months.

191127FBI_2005to2018

The graph above reflects monthly cases of select food- and waterborne diseases affected by climate change. These diseases include Amebiasis, Botulism, Campylobacteriosis, Cryptospordiosis, Cyclosporiasis, Giardiasis, Hepatitis A infection, Listeriosis, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis, Shigellosis, Typhoid fever,VTEC infection, and Yersiniosis.

Food insecurity

Climate change is contributing to increases in food prices globally, as food systems grapple with changing precipitation patterns resulting in flooding and drought, in addition to changing temperatures, and extreme weather events impacting food systems from farm to table. Food insecurity can make individuals more sensitive to the impacts of climate change, and it can also be an impact of climate change.

For information about food insecurity and affordability in Simcoe Muskoka, see our HealthSTATS pages: