Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Determinants Of Health

Immigration

Overall

By Age

By Mother Tongue

By Home Language

By Education

By Employment

By Median Income (after tax)

By Low Income

Overall

According to the 2016 Census,12% of Simcoe Muskoka’s population (or about 66,120 people) were immigrants to Canada. By comparison, in Ontario, 29% of the population (or 3,852,145) were immigrants to Canada.

ImmigrationOverall

Immigration numbers vary by municipality and township. Municipalities with the highest number of immigrants includes Barrie (28% of the Simcoe Muskoka immigrant population or 18,660 immigrants), followed by Bradford West Gwillimbury (15% or 9,625), Innisfil (9% or 5,745) and New Tecumseth (7% or 4,835); in fact, 93% (or 61,605) of immigrants living in Simcoe Muskoka reside in Simcoe County while 7% (or 4,515) reside in the District of Muskoka.

Thirteen per cent (13% or 61,605) of Simcoe County’s population and 8% (or 4,515) of the District of Muskoka population was composed of immigrants in 2016. Municipalities in Simcoe County with the highest percentage of their municipal population being composed of immigrants included Bradford West Gwillimbury (28% of Bradford West Gwillimbury’s population or 9, 625 immigrants), Wasaga Beach (18% or 3,580) and Innisfil (16% or 5,745).

ImmigrationSimcoe1

ImmigrationSimcoe2

The immigrant population was fairly low in the District of Muskoka. Georgian Bay had the highest percentage of its population (11% or 275) composed of immigrants.

ImmigrationMuskoka

Half of the 66,120 immigrants that live in Simcoe Muskoka arrived prior to 1981 (52% or 34,400). Seven per cent (or just over 4,300) of all immigrants living in Simcoe Muskoka reported themselves as recent immigrants who came to Canada between 2011 and 2016. In comparison, 12% of Ontario’s immigrants (or 472,170) reported arriving between 2011 and 2016.

PeriodofImmigration

Among immigrants residing in Simcoe Muskoka, 62% (or 40,915) were born in Europe. Most were born in the United Kingdom (22% or 14,740), Germany (6% or 4,060), and Italy (6% or 3,910). In contrast, 49% of Immigrants in Ontario were born in Asia while 30% were born in Europe.

Top 5 Places of Birth for the Immigrant Population Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario, 2016

Simcoe Muskoka, % (population)

Ontario, % (population)

United Kingdom, 22% (14,740)

India, 9% (360,540)

Germany, 6% (4,060)

China, 8% (317,225)

Other places in Europe, 6% (3,960)

United Kingdom, 7% (264,125)

Italy, 6% (3,910)

Philippines, 6% (231,760)

Portugal, 5% (3,380)

Other places in Asia, 6% (169,555)

Data Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

The birthplace of recent immigrants was quite different from all immigrants in Simcoe Muskoka. Among recent immigrants in Simcoe Muskoka, 50% (or 2,170) were born in Asia while 27% (or 1,145) were born in Europe. The top five places of birth for the recent immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka included the Philippines (12% or 530), other places in Europe (11% or 470), China (9% or 375), India (9% or 370) and the United Kingdom (8% or 360).

By Age

In 2016, the median age of all immigrants, regardless of year of immigration, in Simcoe County and the District of Muskoka was 57 and 66 years, respectively. This was older than the median age of the total population which was 43 years in Simcoe County and 51 years in Muskoka District.

However, the median age of recent immigrants in Simcoe County and the District of Muskoka is younger at 34 years and 35 years, respectively.

Children aged 14 and under made up 2.1% (or 1,420) of the total immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka, while over one third (36.9% or 24,405) of the immigrant population were seniors aged 65 and over.

ImmigrationAgeDistribution

In comparison, children aged 14 and under made up 16.5% (or 710) of the recent immigrant population, while 6.7% (or 290) were seniors aged 65 and over.

RecentImmigrantAgeDistribution

By Mother Tongue

According to the 2011 Census, among the immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka, 49% (or 26,655) reported English and 1% (or 415) reported French as their mother tongue. Of the 52% (or 27,740) who reported a single non-official language as their mother tongue, 3,940 reported German, 3,030 reported Italian, and 2,570 reported Dutch.

In comparison, among the recent immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka, 44% (or 1,725) reported English and 0% reported French as their mother tongue. 57% (or 2,190) reported a single non-official language as their mother tongue, with the top three being: 320 reported Spanish, 250 reported Tagalog, and 220 reported Korean.

In Ontario, 72% (or 2,532,030) of the immigrant population reported a single non-official language as their mother tongue, and 81% (or 387,890) of the recent immigrant population reported a single non-official language as their mother tongue.

Note: For the official languages of English and French, the calculations presented are include both single and multiple responses to the question: What is the language that this person first learned at home in childhood and still understands? Totals may not equal 100% due to this and also due to rounding.

By Home Language

Among the immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka, 82% (or 45,015) reported they spoke English, and less than 1% reported they spoke French most often at home. Of the 18% (or 9,655) who reported a single non-official language as their home language, 1,105 reported Portuguese, 1,030 reported Italian, and 895 reported Polish.

Among the recent immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka, 68% (or 2,665) reported they spoke English most often at home. 35% (or 1,250) reported a single non-official language as their home language, with the top three languages reported being: Spanish (165), Korean (155), and Arabic (95).

Note: For the official languages of English and French, the calculations presented are include both single and multiple responses to the question: What language does this person speak most often at home? Does this person speak any other languages on a regular basis at home? Totals may not equal 100% due to this and also due to rounding.

By Education

In terms of educational attainment, 61% of immigrants (or 19,875) between the ages of 25 and 64 in Simcoe Muskoka indicated they have a post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree. A slightly higher percentage of recent immigrants (69% or 1,745) in Simcoe Muskoka indicated that they have received a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

In comparison, 59% (or almost 158,000 people) of Simcoe Muskoka’s overall population aged 25 to 64 have completed a post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree.

150527ImmigrantEducation

By Employment

According to the National Household Survey, in 2011, 54% (or 28,920) of the immigrant population 15 years and older were part of the labour force in Simcoe Muskoka. Half (50% or 26,565) were employed, slightly less than the overall population in Simcoe Muskoka which was 60% (or 245,680).

Similarly with the recent immigrant population 15 years and older in Simcoe Muskoka, 69% (or 2,225) were part of the labour force. 60% (or 1,920) of this population group were employed.

In comparison, the unemployment rate in Simcoe Muskoka for the immigrant population 15 years and older was similar to the unemployment rate for the overall population 15 years and older in Simcoe Muskoka, 8% and 8% respectively. When comparing the unemployment rate for recent immigrants 15 years and older in Simcoe Muskoka (14%), this was higher than both the immigrant and overall population unemployment rate.

By Median Income (after tax)

The median after-tax income in 2010 for immigrants aged 15 years and older in Simcoe County was $27,847, which was slightly lower than the median after-tax income for immigrants living in the District of Muskoka ($28,461).

In 2010, the median after-tax income for recent immigrants aged 15 years and over in Simcoe County was $17,922, which was almost $5,000 lower than the median after-tax income for recent immigrants in the District of Muskoka ($22,316). In comparison, the 2010 median after-tax income for the total population ages 15 years and over in Simcoe County and District of Muskoka was $28,238 and $26,074 respectively.

By Low Income

Based on the National Household Survey (NHS) Low Income Measure after tax (LIM-AT), 10% (or just over 5,400) of immigrants and 20% (or 780) of recent immigrants in Simcoe Muskoka were living in low income in 2010. In comparison, according to NHS, 11% (or 56,055) of Simcoe Muskoka’s overall population was living in low income in 2010. This low income estimate differs slightly from the low income estimate derived from Taxfiler data, but is provided here as a measure that can be compared to the only currently available estimate of percentage of immigrants with low income.

In Ontario, 16% of immigrants (or 593,315) and 34% of recent immigrants (or 167,700) were living in low income in 2010 (based on the NHS LIM-AT).

150527LowIncome