Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Chronic Diseases

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Mortality

Overall
By Sex
By Age Group
By Income

Overall

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) was listed as the primary cause for over 700 deaths in Simcoe Muskoka between 2011 and 2015 and was among the leading causes of death during that time period. Mortality figures that are based on diabetes as the primary cause of death underestimate the true impact of diabetes on mortality. This is because the medical complications associated with diabetes put individuals with the disease at increased risk of premature death compared to people without the illness. According to a 2011 report produced by the Public Health Agency of Canada, at least one in ten adult deaths can be attributed to diabetes. However, the DM mortality rate based on primary cause of death remains a commonly used indicator at the provincial, national and international levels.

The age-standardized mortality rate for DM in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2015 was 22.5 (18.8, 26.2) deaths per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 18.0 (17.3, 18.7) deaths per 100,000 population.

There was a decreasing trend in the DM mortality rates in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario as a whole over the 16-year period from 2000 to 2015. The DM mortality experience in Simcoe Muskoka was significantly higher when compared to Ontario during this time period, with a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 1.17 (1.12, 1.22). This means that Simcoe Muskoka residents experienced a 17% higher DM mortality rate when compared to the province as a whole.

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By Sex

In 2015, the age-standardized mortality rate for DM among Simcoe Muskoka males was 28.3 (22.1, 34.5) deaths per 100,000, which was significantly higher than the female rate of 17.5 (13.2, 21.9) deaths per 100,000. There has been a significant downward trend in both the male or female DM mortality rates from 2007 to 2015. The DM mortality rates among males has remained consistently higher than the comparable female rates..

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By Age Group

The risk of dying from DM increases exponentially with age. The age-specific rate of DM deaths between 2011 and 2015 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those 75 years and older at 211.7 (192.0, 232.9) deaths per 100,000. This was more than three times the rate for those 65 to 74 years of age, more than ten times the rate for those 45 to 64 years of age and more than 100 times the rate of those 20 to 44 years of age. The DM mortality rate in Simcoe Muskoka was significantly higher than the provincial rate for those 65 years and older.

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By Income

For the time period from 2011 to 2015 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka, DM mortality rates were lowest among those living in areas with the lowest prevalence of low-income when compared with those living in all other areas.

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