Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Chronic Diseases

COPD Emergency Visits

Overall
By Sex
By Age Group
By Income

Overall

In 2017, diseases of the respiratory system, including chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), were the third leading cause of emergency visits in Simcoe Muskoka. There were over 5,000 COPD emergency visits in 2017, accounting for 15% of all respiratory system disease related emergency visits.

The age-standardized rate for COPD emergency visits in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2017 was 780 (758.0, 801.6) visits per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 584 (579.7, 587.4) visits per 100,000 population.

There was a small, but significant, downward trend in the Simcoe Muskoka COPD emergency visit rates from 2003 to 2017; however, the Ontario rates remained relatively stable during the same time period. The COPD emergency visit rates in Simcoe Muskoka have been significantly higher than the provincial rates over this entire time period.

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By Sex

In 2017, the age-standardized COPD emergency visit rate among Simcoe Muskoka females was 833 (801.4, 864.7) visits per 100,000, which was significantly higher than the male rate of 729 (699.4, 760.3) visits per 100,000. The 2017 COPD emergency visit rates for Ontario males and females were significantly lower than the comparable Simcoe Muskoka rates.

The COPD emergency visit rates among both males and females in Simcoe Muskoka declined significantly between 2003 and 2017; however, the rates among Simcoe Muskoka males decreased significantly faster than the female rates over this 15-year period of time. The COPD emergency visit rates among Simcoe Muskoka females have been significantly higher than male rates since 2012.

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By Age Group

Emergency visits for COPD increases with age. The age-specificrate for COPD emergency visits between 2013 and 2017 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those 75 years and older at 3121 (3046, 3196) emergency visits per 100,000 population. The Simcoe Muskoka age-specific rates were significantly higher than the provincial rates for all age-groups over this five-year period.

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By Income

For the time period from 2011 to 2016 (combined), Simcoe Muskoka residents living in areas with the highest prevalence of low-income had more than double the rate of COPD emergency visits when compared with those living in areas with the lowest prevalence of low-income.

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