Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Alcohol & Drugs

Cannabis Related Harms Emergency Department Visits

By Sex
By Age
By Income

As of October 17th, 2018 recreational cannabis is legal for adults in Ontario who are 19 years of age or older. For the purpose of this HealthSTATS page, emergency department visits from cannabis related harms are defined as unscheduled emergency department visits with any diagnosis code specifying a cannabis related poisoning (ICD-10 code T40.7) or a cannabis related mental health condition (ICD-10 codes F12.0-F12.9). In 2018, approximately 13% of all cannabis related harms emergency department visits in Ontario were due to cannabis poisonings.

In 2018, there were 653 emergency department visits due to cannabis related harms among Simcoe Muskoka residents for an age-standardized rate of 122 (112.8, 131.7) visits per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 88 (86.3, 89.5) visits per 100,000 population.

The rate of emergency department visits from cannabis related harms in Simcoe Muskoka did not change significantly from 2003 to 2009; however, from 2009 to 2018 the rate increased, on average, by 24 (21.9, 26.4) per cent per year. The 2018 rate was double the rate from 2015 and more than four-times the rate from 2011. There was also a significant increasing trend for the overall Ontario rates during the same time period; however, the Simcoe Muskoka rates increased significantly faster.

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By Sex

In 2018, the age-standardized rate for cannabis related harms emergency department visits among Simcoe Muskoka males was 133 (119.6, 147.3) visits per 100,000, which was significantly higher than the female rate of 110 (97.5, 123.6) visits per 100,000. The Simcoe Muskoka rates were significantly higher than the comparable provincial rates for both males and females in 2018.

The cannabis related harms emergency visit rates among Simcoe Muskoka males and females followed a similar trend from 2009 to 2018, both increasing by more than twenty per cent per year on average over this ten year period. The male rates were above the female rates for the entire period of time.

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By Age

For the time period from 2014 to 2018 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka, emergency visits due to cannabis related harms were highest among youth between the ages of 15 and 24 years at 312 (293.6, 331.3) visits per 100,000. This was triple the rate for adults 25 to 44 years of age and more than ten-times the rate for any other age group. The age-specific rates for cannabis related harms emergency visits in Simcoe Muskoka were significantly higher than the provincial rates for those between 15 to 44 years of age over this five year period of time.

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By Income

For the time period from 2011 to 2016 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka, emergency visits for cannabis related harms increased significantly in areas with a higher prevalence of low-income. Simcoe Muskoka residents living in areas with the highest prevalence of low-income had more than double the rate of cannabis related harms emergency visits when compared with those living in areas with the lowest prevalence of low-income.

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